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  • Johannesburg has become an internationally renowned and vibrant metropolis, with 3.5 million inhabitants
  • It is the most powerful commercial centre on the African continent
  • Johannesburg generates 16 percent of South Africa's GDP and employs 12 percent of the national workforce
  • Its infrastructure matches leading first world cities, yet the cost of living is far lower
  • The city is recognized as the financial capital of South Africa and is home to 74 percent of Corporate Headquarters
  • South Africa’s only stock exchange, the Johannesburg Securities Exchange (JSE) rates as one of the top 20 exchanges in the world in terms of market capitalisation
  • The city’s profusion of trees – approximately 6 million, make it the largest, man-made forest in the world
  • Climate – temperature neither humid nor too hot for comfort, year-round sunshine and daily
  • Clear blue skies. Winters are short and mild
  •  Medical care is first-world, sophisticated and dependable
  • Johannesburg has become a destination of choice for business due to an outstanding reputation for quality and affordability.
  • After modest beginnings as a mining town, Johannesburg has become recognised as a major world city and the economic capital of both South and sub-Saharan Africa
  • The greater Johannesburg metropolis covers an area of 2 300km2, making it larger than Sydney, London or New York, and similar in size to Los Angeles
  • Johannesburg is home to some 3.8 million people, the majority of whom are aged between 19 and 39
  • The economy of Johannesburg today reflects successive waves of development and decline, which have seen the city move away from mining and industry towards an economy fundamentally based on services and trade, along with high-value manufacturing in line with global trends






Employment by sector

  • Financial and business services: 22 percent
  • Manufacturing: 20 percent
  • Trade: 19 percent
  • Community and social services: 18 percent
  • Construction: 8 percent
  • Transport and communications: 6 percent
  • Public administration: 5 percent









Johannesburg by numbers


  • Founded in 1886 – Johannesburg is one of the world’s youngest major cities
  • Within a century, the city has been rebuilt four times:  from a tented camp, it evolved into a town of tin shanties, followed by four-storey Edwardian brick buildings, before morphing into a city of modern skyscrapers
  • Johannesburg houses the tallest office block in Africa, the Carlton Centre (50 storeys) and the tallest tower, the Hillbrow Tower (270m, or 90 storeys)
  • Johannesburg is nicknamed 'Egoli', which means 'place of gold'. Forty percent of the world's gold has been found in the Witwatersrand, the reef on which the city was built
  • The altitude is 2 000m above sea level. Because Johannesburg's air is thinner than that at the coast, eggs take an extra minute to boil at this altitude
  • There are 10 million trees in Johannesburg
  • The city enjoys an average of 12 hours of sunlight a day
  • Forty percent of the population is under the age of 24
  • There are 180 000 streetlights
  • There are 1 780 traffic lights
  • There are 35 cemeteries, which cover 626ha
  • Johannesburg has 7 519km of roads
  • There are 550 buses, which operate on 80 routes and transport about 20-million passengers each year
  • There are 100 water towers and reservoirs
  • There are 8 000km of water pipes
  • There are 8 149km of sewerage pipes
  • The city has two active power stations, capable of generating 600mw (megawatts)
  • The average travel time for commuters is 72 minutes
  • There are 17 nature reserves in the city
  • There are 12 river systems that run throughout the city
  • An amazing 40% of the entire world's human ancestor fossils have been found in areas close to Johannesburg
  • Johannesburg has about 150 heritage sites, half of which are national monuments
  • Johannesburg houses the only two polar bears in Africa, at the Johannesburg Zoo
  • There are 63ha of bird sanctuaries in and around Johannesburg
  • There are 1 000ha of green space in and around Johannesburg. The Botanical Gardens in Emmarentia are 81ha
  • There are 106 dams
  • There are 394 public sports facilities
  • There are 98 public recreation centres
  • There are 59 public swimming pools
  • There are 126 community health clinics and 10 environmental health clinics
  • The city collects 1.8-million tons of garbage each year. Of this, 244 200 tons is in the form of illegal dumping, and 1 779 tons is litter from the streets
  • Ninety percent of the city's people have to walk less than 1km to access their modes of transport.

































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